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10th Grade Courses

Mathematics
Pre-Algebra
 
Language Arts
 
Social Studies
 
Science
 
Health and PE
 
Miscellaneous
 

 

Mathematics 

Recommended Course  
Course: Pre-Algebra
Grade: 9,10
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
Pre-Algebra is designed to help prepare you for Algebra 1. The major concepts covered in this course include using variables and finding solutions, solving equations, working with integers, geometry concepts, working with graphs, and probability. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Algebra I
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Pre-Algebra
Algebra I includes the continued study of variables, equations and functions. Topics include: solving equations and inequalities, simplifying expressions, polynomials and factoring, graphing, radicals and expanding arithmetic knowledge. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Algebra 2
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra 1
Algebra 2 is a continuation of the topics of Algebra 1. The main concept covered is functions, including linear, quadratic, radical, rational, exponential and logarithmic, as well as their transformations. Counting principles, probability, and sequences and series are also presented during the course. Graphing calculators are used throughout the course as a tool to help provide a better understanding of the concepts. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Geometry
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra 1
Geometry emphasizes skills necessary for problem-solving and continued growth in mathematics through the use of geometric terms and processes, logic and problem solving. Topics covered include properties, congruence and similarity of triangles, area and perimeter of polygons, properties of circles and coordinate geometry. Methods of completing proofs is also presented. 
 

 
Elective Course  
Course: Business Math
Grades: 10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra I
This course covers the various aspects of consumer-oriented business practices, which include keeping financial records; figuring pay rates, benefits and commissions; understanding metric measures; and borrowing, saving and investing money. Practice problems in the course promote proficiency in dealing with everyday mathematical situations. 
 

 
Elective Course  
Course: Keystone Algebra
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Below Basic or Basic on Keystone Algebra Exam
Keystone Algebra is specifically designed for students to advance their mastery of the state standards for mathematics. The course gives an in-depth look at many of the topics covered in Algebra 1. 
 

Language Arts

Recommended Course  
Course: English I
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
English I students study literature, reading comprehension, vocabulary, essay development, research, functional text, and communication. Through the study of novels, short stories, poetry, drama, and nonfiction, students analyze literary elements and devices, text structure, author’s purpose, and historical significance. Students develop strategies for reading comprehension and vocabulary acquisition through explicit instruction, teacher models, and think-alouds. Students write a variety of multi-paragraph essays with emphasis on the writing process. Grammar instruction is integrated within writing activities. Students study the research process and complete a research paper. Students study a variety of communication strategies and applications. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: English II 
Grades: 10, 11, 12 
Credits: 1.0 
Prerequisite: English I
English II students study literature, reading comprehension, vocabulary, essay development, research, functional text, and communication. Through the study of novels, short stories, poetry drama, and nonfiction, students analyze literary elements and devices, text structure, author’s purpose, and historical significance. Students develop strategies for reading comprehension and vocabulary acquisition through explicit instruction, teacher models, and think-alouds. Students write a variety of multi-paragraph essays with emphasis on the writing process. Grammar instruction is integrated within writing activities. Students study the research process and complete a research paper. Students study a variety of communication strategies and applications. 

 
Elective Course  
Course: Composition
Grades: 10
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
This course follows the Grammar elective and instructs the student in the purpose and development of different forms of writing, including essays, technical writing, and workplace writing. Students will learn to distinguish these forms and craft their writing to suit the required purposes. They will identify purpose and audience, main idea, topic sentences and supporting details; they will examine how the writer used outside sources to support his/her argument and identify specific vocabulary and descriptive phrases the writer used to enhance his argument. This study instructs students to avoid plagiarism through reading for details, paraphrasing, summarizing, and citing their sources of information. Students are required to produce three written works: one essay with in-text citations, one business letter, and one process analysis/technical writing piece. 

 
Elective Course  
Course: Keystone Literature
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: Below Basic or Basic on Keystone Literature Exam
This one-semester, half-credit course provides remediation as preparation for retaking the Keystone Literature Exam for those students who scored "basic" or "below basic" on their most recent attempt on the exam. The curriculum includes review of Keystone Literature vocabulary terms; Tier 3 vocabulary; comprehension, analysis, and interpretation of literary fiction and non- fiction; analysis of informational texts; and open-ended writing practice. The course utilizes a variety of texts and teacher- generated resources, as well as practice and assessment in Study Island.

Social Studies

 
Recommended Course  
Course: US History
Grades: 10
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
In this two semester course students study the history of the United States from the Civil War to the present. Historical content focuses on the political, economic, and social events and issues related to sectionalism and slavery, industrialization and urbanization, major international wars, domestic and foreign policies of the Cold War ad post-Cold War eras, and reform movements including the expansion of democratic processes and civil rights. Students examine the impact of geographic factors on major events and analyze causes and effects of the Great Depression. Students examine the impact of constitutional issues on U.S. society, evaluate the dynamic relationship of the three braches of the federal government and analyze efforts to expand the democratic process. Students analyze the impact of t technological innovations on the American labor force. Students will learn contemporary US history including the terrorist threat of the early 21st century and efforts to combat this threat. 
 

 
Elective Course  
Course: World Geography
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
World Geography students study people places and environments with local, regional, national, and international perspectives. Students will understand influence of geography on the present and past. The course includes study of the physical processes that shape patterns in the physical environment; the characteristics and interrelationships of climates, major land forms, and ecosystems; the political, economic, and social processes that shape regions; types of settlement; the distribution and dispersion of world population; relationships between people, places and environments; and the idea of region. Students will analyze how location affects economic activities in different economic systems. Throughout the world. Students will identify the processes that influence political division s and analyze how different points of view affect public policy priorities. Students will analyze the effects of technology and human modifications on the physical environment. 
 

 

Science

Recommended Course  
Course: Earth Science
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed as a two semester, third or fourth year course in high school. Both Geology and Astronomy topics are presented, building on earlier science competencies that students have gained. Topics from the history of the universe and the Earth to modern topics are presented. Additional topics from Oceanography and Atmospheric Science are included as well. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Biology
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed as a two semester, first or second year course in high school. Biology topics include Biochemistry, The Cell, Genetics, Natural Selection, The History of Life, Viruses and Bacteria, Protists, Plants, Animals, The Human Body, Ecosystems, and Environmental topics. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: General Science
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This is a full year course designed to summarize what students have learned in their other science courses. Some of the topics covered throughout the course include the methods for scientific measurement, the structure and function of cells, the construction of the universe, and the ecological interaction of ecosystems. This course is a great way to pull everything in science together. Some labs and projects will be required. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Physical Science
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed as a two semester, first or second year course in high school. Introductory Chemistry topics include Matter, The Periodic Table, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases. Introductory Physics topics include Motion, Energy, Waves, Electricity, and Magnetism. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 

 
 
Elective Course 
Course: Chemistry
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Credits:  1.0
Prerequisite: 80% in Algebra 1
This course is designed as a two semester, second or third year course in high school. Chemistry topics include Matter, The Periodic Table, Chemical Reactions, Solution Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Nuclear Chemistry. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 
 
Elective Course  
Course: Anatomy
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
This one semester course centers on the function and organization of living organisms. Students will explore the body systems such as cardiovascular, muscular, skeletal, and digestive. In addition, students will look more closely at the cells of each of these systems and compare their functions and structures. This is a great follow-up course for students who have completed biology. Some labs and projects will be required.
 

 
Elective Course  
Course: Conservation of Resources
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
Students will learn about our natural resources and how they contribute to our lives. Some resources, such as air, are renewable and, with proper management, will never be exhausted. Other resources, such as coal, are limited. We have to plan how to use them intelligently and plan for an era when they no longer will be available. This course will help students make wise decisions about resources and investigate related careers in their field.
 

 

Health and PE

Recommended Course
Course: Health I
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
Health I is a one semester, three-unit course designed to explore health and wellness, looking at the different types of health and all of the influences on healthy decisions. Students will investigate life skills, communication skills, decision-making strategies. Additional topics will include adolescence, mental & emotional health, and physical health topics such as nutrition, body image, metabolism, and fitness. Finally, students will learn about methods to minimize health risks in the environment, prevent injuries, and when to visit a health care provider. 
 

 
Recommended Course
Course: P.E. Online
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
This is a one semester, four-unit course designed to provide students with the basic skills and information needed to begin a personalized exercise program and maintain an active and healthy lifestyle. In this course, students will participate in fitness pre and post assessments in which they will measure and analyze their levels of fitness based on the five components of physical fitness: muscular strength, endurance, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, and body composition. Students will also learn more about the benefits of physical activity, as well as the exercise techniques and guidelines that will keep them safe and healthy. 
 

Miscellaneous

Elective Course
Course: Cooperative Education
Grades: 10(with special permission),11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: C or higher in core courses
This full year is an elective program open to juniors and seniors. Co-op provides goal-oriented occupational education to students electing this program through on-the-job training. Successfully completing the Cooperative Work Experience will provide the student with a better understanding of the world of work as well as occupational training. Goals of the course will include:

     ·  Enhancing the co-op student’s educational experience with real-world career related work experience.

     ·  Allow the co-op student to develop skills and knowledge applicable to an identified career field.

     ·  Allow the co-op student to explore, through on-the-job experience, the career options related to their academic work, and to verify their career choice.

     · Increase the co-op student’s maturity level by exposure to the profession work environment.

     · Establish credentials for the co-op student to enhance their opportunities after graduation for employment or admission to college. 


Elective Course
Course: Study Skills
Grades: 9, 10, 11,12
Credits: 0.5 or 1.0
Prerequisite: None
To support students who are included for academic subject areas. This course will emphasize support in the included area through individualized instruction, study, and organizational skills along with other specially designed instructional strategies.