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9th Grade Courses

Mathematics
Pre-Algebra
Algebra 1
Algebra 2
Geometry
Keystone Algebra

Language Arts
English 1
Literature of Early America
Basics of English Grammar
Communications through Computer Applications

Social Studies
Civics

Science
Biology
Earth Science
Physical Science
General Science

Health and Physical Education
Health I
P.E. Online

Miscellaneous
Study Skills

Recommended Course  
Course: Pre-Algebra
Grade: 9,10
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
Pre-Algebra is designed to help prepare you for Algebra 1. The major concepts covered in this course include using variables and finding solutions, solving equations, working with integers, geometry concepts, working with graphs, and probability. 
 

Recommended Course  
Course: Algebra I
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Pre-Algebra
Algebra I includes the continued study of variables, equations and functions. Topics include: solving equations and inequalities, simplifying expressions, polynomials and factoring, graphing, radicals and expanding arithmetic knowledge. 
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Algebra 2
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra 1
Algebra 2 is a continuation of the topics of Algebra 1. The main concept covered is functions, including linear, quadratic, radical, rational, exponential and logarithmic, as well as their transformations. Counting principles, probability, and sequences and series are also presented during the course. Graphing calculators are used throughout the course as a tool to help provide a better understanding of the concepts. 
 

Recommended Course  
Course: Geometry
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra 1
Geometry emphasizes skills necessary for problem-solving and continued growth in mathematics through the use of geometric terms and processes, logic and problem solving. Topics covered include properties, congruence and similarity of triangles, area and perimeter of polygons, properties of circles and coordinate geometry. Methods of completing proofs is also presented. 
 

Elective Course  
Course: Keystone Algebra
Grades: 9,10,11,12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Below Basic or Basic on Keystone Algebra Exam
Keystone Algebra is specifically designed for students to advance their mastery of the state standards for mathematics. The course gives an in-depth look at many of the topics covered in Algebra 1. 

 

Language Arts

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Recommended Course  
Course: English I
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
English I students study literature, reading comprehension, vocabulary, essay development, research, functional text, and communication. Through the study of novels, short stories, poetry, drama, and nonfiction, students analyze literary elements and devices, text structure, author’s purpose, and historical significance. Students develop strategies for reading comprehension and vocabulary acquisition through explicit instruction, teacher models, and think-alouds. Students write a variety of multi-paragraph essays with emphasis on the writing process. Grammar instruction is integrated within writing activities. Students study the research process and complete a research paper. Students study a variety of communication strategies and applications. 
 

 Elective Course  
Course: Literature of Early America
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: Passed last English class
This course is a survey of some well-known and more obscure literature of the early American period, roughly 1607-1790. We will begin with accounts of colonial settlement in Captain John Smith’s “A Description of New England” and end with John Woolman’s journal essays on social reform and the abolition of slavery in the newly emancipated United States. Get inside the minds of America’s earliest settlers and most influential thinkers, and rediscover our American heritage. 
 

Elective Course  
Course: Basics of English Grammar
Grades: 9
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
This course provides students with a review of basic grammar, usage, and mechanics. Units of study include review of the parts of speech, identification of the elements of a sentence, formation of different types of sentences, and development of the paragraph. Vocabulary study will also be a component of this course, with a focus on building vocabulary necessary for successful reading comprehension and writing in the content areas of science, mathematics, and social studies.
 

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Communications through Computer Applications
Grades: 9
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
This semester course is designed for students to apply and evaulate basic computer operations and concepts.  Throughout the semester, students will focus on applying and enhancing word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, and database skills.  Students will begin to research potential post-secondary options and create a resume and cover letter.  21st Century Communications Skills such as Web 2.0, Internet safety and digital citzenship will also be addressed.
 

 
 

Social Studies

Recommended Course  
Course: Civics
Grades: 9
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
In this two semester course students learn the beliefs and principles on which the United States was founded and on the functions, structure, and powers of government at the local, state, and national levels. Students learn major political ideas and forms of government throughout history. A significant emphasis is placed on the U.S. Constitution, its fundamental principles and ideas, and the form of government it created. Students thoroughly analyze major concepts of republicanism, federalism, checks and balances, separation of powers, popular sovereignty, and individual rights and compare the U.S. system of government with other political systems. Students identify the role of government in the U.S. free enterprise system and compare it to the economic systems. Students analyze the impact of individuals, political parties, interest groups, and the media on the U.S. political system, evaluate the importance of voluntary individual participation in a democratic society, and analyze the rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Students examine the relationship between governmental policies and the culture of the Untied States. 
 

Science

 
Recommended Course  
Course: Earth Science
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed as a two semester, third or fourth year course in high school. Both Geology and Astronomy topics are presented, building on earlier science competencies that students have gained. Topics from the history of the universe and the Earth to modern topics are presented. Additional topics from Oceanography and Atmospheric Science are included as well. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 

Recommended Course  
Course: Biology
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed as a two semester, first or second year course in high school. Biology topics include Biochemistry, The Cell, Genetics, Natural Selection, The History of Life, Viruses and Bacteria, Protists, Plants, Animals, The Human Body, Ecosystems, and Environmental topics. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 

Recommended Course  
Course: General Science
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This is a full year course designed to summarize what students have learned in their other science courses. Some of the topics covered throughout the course include the methods for scientific measurement, the structure and function of cells, the construction of the universe, and the ecological interaction of ecosystems. This course is a great way to pull everything in science together. Some labs and projects will be required. 
 

Recommended Course  
Course: Physical Science
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed as a two semester, first or second year course in high school. Introductory Chemistry topics include Matter, The Periodic Table, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases. Introductory Physics topics include Motion, Energy, Waves, Electricity, and Magnetism. Approximately 150 hours of seat time are required to complete the course. 
 

 
Elective Course  
Course: Conservation of Resources
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
Students will learn about our natural resources and how they contribute to our lives. Some resources, such as air, are renewable and, with proper management, will never be exhausted. Other resources, such as coal, are limited. We have to plan how to use them intelligently and plan for an era when they no longer will be available. This course will help students make wise decisions about resources and investigate related careers in their field.
 

 

 

Health and PE Department

 
Recommended Course
Course: Health I
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
Health I is a one semester, three-unit course designed to explore health and wellness, looking at the different types of health and all of the influences on healthy decisions. Students will investigate life skills, communication skills, decision-making strategies. Additional topics will include adolescence, mental & emotional health, and physical health topics such as nutrition, body image, metabolism, and fitness. Finally, students will learn about methods to minimize health risks in the environment, prevent injuries, and when to visit a health care provider. 
 

 
Recommended Course
Course: P.E. Online
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Credits: 0.5
Prerequisite: None
This is a one semester, four-unit course designed to provide students with the basic skills and information needed to begin a personalized exercise program and maintain an active and healthy lifestyle. In this course, students will participate in fitness pre and post assessments in which they will measure and analyze their levels of fitness based on the five components of physical fitness: muscular strength, endurance, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, and body composition. Students will also learn more about the benefits of physical activity, as well as the exercise techniques and guidelines that will keep them safe and healthy. 
 

Miscellaneous

Elective Course
Course: Study Skills
Grades: 9, 10, 11,12
Credits: 0.5 or 1.0
Prerequisite: None
To support students who are included for academic subject areas. This course will emphasize support in the included area through individualized instruction, study, and organizational skills along with other specially designed instructional strategies.